Find the names of the four seasons in Italian, their spelling and pronunciation in this quick language learning guide.
What are the four seasons in Italian?
The names of the four seasons in Italian are:
- Primavera = Spring
- Estate = summer
- Autunno = Autumn/Fall
- Inverno = winter
Together, they are called ‘Le Quattro Stagioni’, which is Italian for ‘The Four Seasons’ and also the name of Vivaldi’s masterpiece!
Primavera lasts from 21st-March to 21st June
Estate is from 22nd June to 21st September
Autumn/ Fall in Italy is from 22nd September to 21st December
And Winter in Italy is from 22nd December to 21st March.
These days coincide with the dates of solstice/equinox and they match what the seasons feel like in common parlance.
In today’s lesson, we are going to learn the names of the seasons in Italian, their pronunciation and we are going to share examples and songs that can help you memorize them.
It is a good idea to study this lesson in conjunction with the next one >>> the names of the months in Italian.
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How to pronounce the names of the seasons in Italian
|Italian name of the season||Pronunciation||English translation|
|Autunno||Ah-oo-too-nnoh||Autumn / Fall|
Let’s look at them one by one.
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How to call the seasons in Italian
Primavera / Spring in Italian
Primavera is the Italian word for Spring.
It is pronounced prim-mah-veh-rah and the accent falls on the ‘ve’ – you can hear it here: click on the microphone icon under the word ‘primavera’ to hear the voice speaking it out.
In Italian grammar, ‘primavera’ is singular and feminine. The article for it is ‘La’, so you would day ‘La primavera’.
The preposition used with ‘primavera’ is: in and, in some instances, a
La primavera e’ la mia stagione preferita = spring is my favorite season
Vado in vacanza in primavera = I go on vacation in spring
Il prossimo incontro e’ a primavera = the next meeting is in spring
Learn it from a song! A very famous Italian song is called ‘Maledetta Primavera’ and it is perfect to hear the word in use, said by an Italian speaker. Hear it here (with lyrics in Italian).
Estate / Summer in Italian
Estate is the Italian word for Summer.
You pronounce it Es-tah-teh, with the accent on the ah. You can hear it here: click on the microphone icon under the word ‘primavera’ to hear the voice speaking it out.
In grammatical terms, ‘estate’ in Italian is feminine and singular and the article you use is ‘La’.
Since the word starts with a vowel, the article usually is shortened and an apostrophe is used.
L’estate è la mia stagione preferita = summer is my favorite season.
Please note: unlike in English, Italian usually has the article in front of the name of the season. So we don’t say ‘Estate è la mia stagione preferita’ ma ‘L’estate è… etc’.
The prepositions used with the word ‘estate’ are: in and di
In estate, mi piace andare al mare: in summer, I like to go to the beach
D’estate, preferisco la montagna: in summer, I prefer the mountains
L’estate, mi piace andare al mare: in summer, I like to go to the beach is also correct
Learn it with a song! Gianna Nannini wrote ‘Un’estate Italiana’ for Italia 90 and the song is still a wonderful way to learn how to pronounce the word (it is also an Italian classic song!). Hear it here.
Autunno / Autumn / Fall in Italian
Autunno in Italian means Autumn / Fall. Unlike English, which uses two different words, Italian only uses one ‘autunno’ which seems to originally come from the Latin ‘augere’, increase, possibly because of autumn being harvest season in Italy.
Autunno is pronounced Ah-oo-too-nnoh, with the A and U pronounced separately, unlike in English, which reads then together. The accent is on the oo in the center of the word.
You can hear the pronunciation here: click on the microphone icon under the word ‘autunno’ to hear a voice speaking it out.
In Italian grammar, Autunno is masculine and singular and its article is: il/lo. Due to the vowel at the start of the word, the article for autunno is usually shortened in L’ with an apostrophe.
The preposition used with the word autunno is ‘in’ e di’.
L’autunno ha dei colori bellissimi = the autumn has wonderful colors
In autunno cadono le foglie = in the fall/autumn, the leaves fall
Si sta come d’autunno sugli albero le foglie (Poem ‘I soldati’ by Ungaretti): we are like the leaves on the trees in the fall.
Inverno / winter in Italian
Inverno means winter in Italian. You pronounce it In-ver-noh, with the accent on the ‘e’: the word in Italian has a sound very close to the English word ‘vernon’.
You can hear it here: click on the microphone icon under the word ‘inverno’ to hear a voice speaking it out.
In grammatical terms, inverno in Italian is masculine, singular and wants the article Il/Lo, shorted in l’ with apostrophe because of the vowel at the start of the word.
The prepositions used with inverno are: in, di
Mi piace il mare d’inverno = I like the sea in the winter
In inverno, puo’ nevicare = in winter, it may snow
L’inverno e’ la stagione perfetta in Italia per evitare la folla = winter is the perfect season to avoid crowds in Italy.
I hope this quick lesson on how to call the seasons in Italian was useful! You can find many more language guides in the lifestyle section of this website or you start from our guide to travelers’ Italian, packed with useful Italian phrases and sentences.